A: debating modified my existence. In undergraduate college, i was very concerned with intercollegiate debating as president of the university of illinois forensic affiliation. It made me an awful lot greater vital about words and terms and the usage of language and rhetoric in public debate, and helped me expand impartial and crucial wondering skills. I’ll all the time be thankful to the ones at the university of illinois who gave me that possibility. Q: did you ever remember a distinct profession course? A: i used to be going to visit graduate faculty at indiana college, get a degree in rhetoric and public address, and be an assistant debate teach, however in my senior 12 months i had a category in labor law taught by robben fleming. Robben in the long run went on to grow to be provost at the university of wisconsin and, in the end, president of the college of michigan. As we got close to the end of the elegance, i asked robben, “i want to do this; how do i do it?” returned then, the country wide exertions family members board changed into this type of incredible access into the sector; this was 1962 to ’sixty three. He arranged for me to have an interview with the nlrb office in chicago. The focus wasn’t a lot on grades—i was on the law overview at regulation faculty, in order that probably wasn’t an trouble—however they sat and talked about the statute and why the nlrb got here into lifestyles and what its mission was and approximately helping people, all sorts of people, and that this become some thing that required a commitment. I used to be very eager about the venture of doing that when being in school for so many years. Q: what became it approximately labor law that captured your interest? A: it sincerely is going to humans. It focuses on the workplace and people’s livelihood. It involves management, it includes unions, it includes groups; it’s the whole gamut. Professor fleming turned into serving as an arbitrator back then and doing quite a few high-profile arbitrations and mediations for the management in washington. He’d come lower back and talk approximately this, and it turned into charming [to hear] approximately the troubles that got here up in the workplace. Q: what changed into it like running for the nlrb? A: the nlrb does essentially two matters. They resolve questions of representation: whether or not or now not the employees pick to pick or now not pick out a labor enterprise. … the opposite one is to analyze unfair labor-exercise costs filed by means of personnel, unions or every now and then groups, and wherein they find advantage inside the prices, to prosecute the ones fees. I did each of those matters: held elections in the place of work at one-of-a-kind websites in memphis after i first was there. I also attempted instances wherein the nlrb had issued a grievance towards a particular business enterprise or union. My first project was with the memphis nearby law workplace of the nlrb. I used to be here from 1963 to 1965, after which i was reassigned to headquarters in washington, d. C. Before i left i was within the appellate court docket department of the nlrb’s enforcement division, where i worked on briefs and did oral arguments on behalf of the nlrb and the us courts of appeals. Then i left and normal a role with mcdermott will & emery, one of the clearly big firms in chicago at the time. At the same time as i loved the company and enjoyed the practice there very a good deal—stimulating and splendid clients … i desired to stay in the south. My spouse [and i] decided that we’d visit memphis. That become in 1969. I’ve been right here ever because. Q: so no regrets over leaving chicago? A: i’ve been very lucky to were engaged here in memphis as chairman of the [memphis-shelby county airport authority] for the ultimate 15 years, as chairman of the new memphis area public constructing authority that built the fedex discussion board, and secretary and recommend for the [greater memphis] chamber, and founder and primary chairman of the japan-the us society [of tennessee] and the college of tennessee board of trustees. I’ve been blessed with these opportunities, and that i suppose that, had i remained in chicago, it's far not likely that i'd have had this span of activities, this breadth of existence. I would have, optimistically, been a a success accomplice and perhaps i might had been on the faculty board in a massive city, however in memphis, a mid-sized city … there are possibilities for extending your work as a legal professional and carrying via to those other endeavors which ultimately assist define the town’s destiny. … memphis is a dating city. When you get to the real huge cities, yeah, the connectivity of leaders is critical, but the ones relationships don’t always force a city’s destiny. Here in memphis, that connectivity enables form the destiny of the metropolis. Q: why the switch from authorities to non-public practice? A: i desired to be out in non-public practice, taking the gain of the enjoy that i had and sporting it forward to benefit management. … it become interesting for me to peer the challenges that management had and [to] feel like i ought to upload something. … whilst control succeeds, it helps all concerned, consisting of the personnel in addition to the communities wherein they’re positioned. So it changed into no longer a big soar to get concerned in community management positions. Q: inform me approximately being presented the order of the growing sun in 2007. A: it was an splendid honor. I was flabbergasted, frankly, due to the fact it is the second one maximum civilian award conferred with the aid of the authorities of japan. Q: how did you earn this? A: i assume it became due to my, as changed into defined to me, willpower and dedication to the cultural ties between japan and tennessee within the areas of commercial enterprise, exchange, cultural sports and private relationships that the emperor noticed healthy to confer upon me the order of the growing sun. … whilst don sundquist, earlier than he turned into governor, became congressman sundquist, he asked me if i might be interested in getting involved with the japan-u. S. Southeast association. Seven southeastern states met yearly with japan’s government and business leadership. … i was in awe about what i saw and skilled. I maintained my involvement in that, and that led to—whilst congressman sundquist became governor—founding the japan-america society of tennessee. I served as the founder and first chairman on the governor’s request. Q: tell me about the 2006 e-book you co-authored, simple answers: harness the electricity of ardour and simplicity to get outcomes. A: i had simply completed serving as chairman of the new memphis area public constructing authority. In memphis, public building initiatives, which this become, have always are available wildly past due and wildly over budget, however we built what a few regard because the greatest nba area in the u . S .. It became the primary public constructing project inside the history of memphis to be constructed on time, on price range. ... The challenge become “build it proper,” and the primary core price turned into no longer “on time, on finances.” the number one core cost became “gather the satisfactory crew.” … i used to be at a retreat for the memphis chamber of commerce, and the fedex representative on the retreat again then was tom schmitt. He said, “arnold, after what you men did on the fedex discussion board undertaking, you must write a book about it.” i stated, “i’ve by no means written a e book before,” and tom stated … “properly, i haven’t both, however we may want to do it collectively.” q: having been on each aspects of the court docket, do you agree with there's an area for unions? A: unions fill a void wherein there’s now not mutual recognize and believe. Once i started out my profession with the nlrb, unions represented kind of one out of every 3, quote, employees. One out of each 3. These days inside the personal sector, it’s 6. Nine percentage. So what has changed? Well, a number of things have changed. These days there are significant government regulations that govern the place of business that didn’t exist returned then: eeoc, osha, ada, femla—all of the “alphabets” protect personnel inside the place of work. In order that’s one sea change. A large sea trade, though, became the conclusion that for companies to be globally competitive, they needed to view humans as human assets and create a subculture of human assets. The important motive for the unions’ decline inside the private zone is the nice place of business way of life set up via companies empowering employees and absolutely having them characteristic as human resources. A subculture of respect and dignity. A tradition of collaboration, operating collectively, that we’re all on this collectively, and no longer have these unique strata that a few humans are really worth more than others. In which you have that kind of subculture, you are making unions useless, but if the culture is definitely one-of-a-kind, wherein human beings are being abused and no longer handled fairly, now not being paid competitively and not being valued, unions are going to fill that void. … nowadays, we [as management] look upon people as human assets who could make an agency globally competitive. That’s the undertaking: to have human beings end up human sources.